Transforming wastewater into drinking water
Although 70% of the earth’s surface is covered in water, only 0.4% of this water is safe to drink. The chemical industry has created filtration techniques to clean waste water and make it safe to drink.
Take Kenya for instance. More than half of the groundwater there contains dangerously high levels of fluoride, which has resulted in an estimated 20 million Kenyans who suffer from teeth and bone fluorosis. The chemical industry has found a solution to remove fluoride from groundwater by developing a special membrane that “blocks” undesired particles. The facility where this filter is applied can produce more than 160,000 litres of purified water per day, serving the local hospital, school, refugee programmes, and broader community.
Associated SDG targets
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Water framework directive
Although water covers 70% of the planet, less than 1% is available for people to use as fresh water. To ensure waters are well protected at EU level, 20 years ago the Commission adopted its most comprehensive instrument of water policy, the Water Framework Directive (WFD). Currently the Commission is doing a fitness check on the WFD. It is not a legislative proposal but a stock-taking exercise.